The 86th GIST Seminar”Industrial robots and manufacturing employment, The Indian Experience”
このたび、Sunil Mani教授（本学教授、Director and Professor at the Centre for Development Studies,Trivandrum, Kerala, India）をお迎えし、第86回GISTセミナーを開催いたします。
The recent publication of a study by Oxford University has predicted that a large number of occupations will see an increased rate of automation. Increased automation is likely to have an adverse effect on employment, especially in the manufacturing sector. India has been trying to increase employment through the manufacturing route. But the capital intensity of its manufacturing sector has been showing a steady increase. Employing a comprehensive dataset from the International Federation of Robotics, the study analyses the nature and extent of diffusion industrial robots in Indian manufacturing industry. Instead of an occupation-based approach, the study uses a task based one, which presents a more accurate picture of the effect of automation on manufacturing employment. The study shows that the operational stock of industrial robots in manufacturing industry has been showing a systematic increase with the density of robots in the manufacturing sector increasing from less than one per 10000 manufacturing employment to almost 10 in 2016. Most of the robot use is confined to the automotive industry and within it the application area of welding. This task is supposed to very human unfriendly and so the diffusion of industrial robots does not appear to be having a deleterious effect on manufacturing employment. However, with significant developments in Artificial Intelligence (AI), robots are becoming more flexible and this may lead to automation of a number of tasks, which were previously thought to be non automatable.
Dr Sunil Mani is Director and Professor at the Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum, Kerala, India and is now Visiting Professor at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Tokyo, Japan. Earlier he has been a visiting professor at Bocconi University, Milan, Italy, the University of Toulouse-Jean Jaurès, Toulouse, France and the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Kolkata, India and has also worked at the United Nations University- MERIT, Maastricht, The Netherlands as a researcher and head of graduate studies. He is specialized in the economics and policy studies of innovation and his most recent publications include a book with Professor Franco Malerba and Pamela Adams Rise to market leadership, Evidence from Automotive, Pharmaceutical and ICT industries from emerging countries, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, Mass, USA., 2013 He holds a PhD in Economics from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, and has done post-doctoral research at University of Oxford.
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