GRIPS 政策研究センター Policy Research Center

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2014/8/20 Report No:14-11

The Henry George Theorem in a second-best world

著者
  • Kristian BehrensUniversité du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)
  • 金本良嗣政策研究大学院大学
  • Yasusada MurataNihon University
分野 経済学
言語 英語
要旨

The Henry George Theorem (HGT) states that, in first-best economies, the fiscal surplus of a city government that finances the Pigouvian subsidies for agglomeration externalities and the costs of local public goods by a 100% tax on land is zero at optimal city sizes. We extend the HGT to distorted economies where product differentiation and increasing returns are the sources of agglomeration economies and city governments levy property taxes. Without relying on specific functional forms, we derive a second-best HGT that relates the fiscal surplus to the excess burden expressed as an extended Harberger formula.

キーワード Henry George Theorem; second-best economies; optimal city size; monopolistic competition; local public goods
添付ファイル 14-11.pdf