GRIPS 政策研究センター Policy Research Center

客員研究員

2010/12/1 Report No:10-22

Market Access, Soil Fertility, and Income in East Africa

著者
  • 山野 峰政策研究大学院大学
  • Kojima Yoko 筑波大学
分野 経済学
言語 英語
要旨

We identify the major factors affecting farm and nonfarm income by using panel data in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda. We supplement the panel data with household-level soil fertility data and road distance data to the nearest urban center. The proportion of the loose surface roads, instead of tarmac roads, has a clear negative association with crop income, livestock income, and per capita income in both Kenya and Uganda. We also find that soil fertility has a clear positive association with crop and livestock incomes in Kenya, but not in Uganda and Ethiopia. In Kenya, farmers produce not only cereal crops but also high value crops and engage in dairy and other livestock production if the fertility of the soil is good.

キーワード Soil Fertility, Market Access, Poverty, Road Infrastructure, East Africa
添付ファイル 10-22.pdf