GRIPS 政策研究センター Policy Research Center


2008/6/1 Report No:08-02

School Choice between Public and Private Primary Schools under the Free Primary Education Policy in Rural Kenya

  • 西村 幹子神戸大学大学院国際協力研究科
  • 山野 峰政策研究大学院大学
分野 経済学
言語 英語

The elimination of school fees from public primary education under the Free Primary
Education (FPE) Policy in Kenya in 2003 has increased enrollment by 22 percent in the
first year alone. Some experts, however, suggest that the FPE has reduced the quality of
education in public schools and increased the number of students who transfer from public
to private schools. To obtain a better understanding of the school choice in Kenya, we
estimate the school choice between public and private primary schools and track primary
school children over a period of three years to identify the factors associated with school
transfers. We find that the proportion of children attending private schools indeed increased
from 4.8 to 12.2 percent, especially among children in relatively wealthy households, from
2004 to 2007. We also find that the school quality, measured by the Kenya Certificate of
Primary Education exam score at the school level, has a positive impact on the choice of
private schools. Regarding school transfers, we not only find transfers from public to
private schools but also between public schools. The children in relatively wealthy
households have a higher probability of transferring to private schools than children in
poorer households. Maintaining the quality of education among public primary schools
under the FPE Policy is an urgent policy agenda for the Kenyan government as well as
other governments that have adopted free primary education policies in order to enhance
the equity of the entire education system.

キーワード free primary education, school choice, Africa, Kenya
添付ファイル 08-02.pdf