2008/1/1 Report No：07-13
Efficiency Measurement Theory and its Application to Airport Benchmarking
Efficiency measurement is critical for industries where firms do not face strong competition, as we cannot reply on the market to discipline the firms effectively. Airports are a typical example. At the same time, the face that airports produces multiple outputs using a common set of inputs calls for a delicate and sophisticated treatment in measuring their efficiencies. The current paper starts out by presenting the conventional methodologies of efficiency measurement such as DEA, Stochastic Frontier method, Productivity Index, and some recent developments in efficiency measurement literature. We then provide a review of the existing literature on airport efficiency measurement results, recent advancement on the airport efficiency measurement, and some recent empirical estimates of the effects of ownership forms and governance structures on airport’s efficiency.
|キーワード||efficiency measurement, productivity index, airport benchmarking|