Ethiopia policy dialogue wins JICA President Award
Kenichi & Izumi Ohno (GDF) received the 12th JICA President Award for their
contribution to Ethiopia-Japan Industrial Policy Dialogue.
bilateral policy dialogue, first in Africa, was requested in a dramatic
meeting with former P.M. Meles. We have always tried to come up with best
policy advice for Ethiopia in close consultation with JICA, MoFA, METI, etc.
After seven years, we feel we have built strong trust with Prime Minister,
economic ministers and policy officials. We appreciate the Award and look
forward to more intellectual interaction with Ethiopia in years ahead.
Lecturing at five universities in Tashkent
(Oct. 2016) Kenichi
Ohno's textbook, Economic Development of Japan, was translated into Russian
in 2014 by the courtesy of Mr. Nasretdinov Nodirbek, a GRIPS alumni and
staff of Deputy Prime Minister Asimov of Uzbekistan. At the request of Mr.
Nodirbek, Ohno visited Uzbekistan and delivered lectures at five
universities covering Japanese history as well as middle income traps. He
also visited two JV automotive firms and met Deputy Minister of Economy
Shuhrat Ismailov. Despite historical and geographical disadvantages, Uzbek
people have acquired high levels of management and technology.
country overcame the
shock with unique gradualism,
and has grown at 8% per year for more than a decade. Buildings and
infrastructure are rapidly modernized. After the planned Presidential
election of November, we need to watch carefully how this country will
tackle next developmental challenges.
Policy Dialogue to Continue in Ethiopia
(Aug. 2016) Since 2008, GRIPS
Development Forum and JICA have conducted Industrial Policy Dialogue with
Ethiopia at three levels (PM, ministers, policy). Ethiopia is now learning
advanced kaizen, the five-year plan has adopted many of our recommendations,
champion products are being created, export and FDI policies are supported,
and Japanese FDI are invited.
Ethiopia requested to continue this policy
dialogue. In the next five years, Japan will expand the scope of industrial
cooperation and also work jointly with Ethiopian policy think tanks so
Japanese industrial expertise will be transferred to Ethiopia.
Can South Africa revitalize its industry?
(May 2016) Kenichi Ohno (GDF) was invited by the Japanese
Embassy and JICA's South Africa to give seminars, meet policy makers, and
study the quality of SA's industrial policy with particular attention to
automotive policy. After democratization of 1994, SA succeeded in attracting
FDI with generous incentives. Now TOYOTA and six other foreign makers
produce cars there. Yet recent car production has stagnated around 600,000
per year due to global recession, slow domestic demand
and lack of labor advantage. Industrial policy incentivizing
simple assembly over HR and component
promotion must be revised.
The Department of Trade and Industry, and Japan are
eager to revise policy, but data analysis, strategic planning, and
overcoming political and administrative barriers are required. The mission
asked whether this was possible.
Mission Report (PDF 198KB)