Grading Procedure

Grading for Policy Design and Implementation in Developing Countries will be done in the following steps.

1. Attendance (0-50): for each student and for each class meeting, (i) full attendance, (ii) partial attendance (late arrival, etc.), (iii) absence with prior notice, and (iv) absence without prior notice, will be automatically recorded. Each student will receive points reflecting their attendance.

2. Active participation (0-50): three instructors will automatically and continuously rate the performance of each student. Scores are averaged for each student and for all sessions.

3. Slide presentation (-50 to +50): three instructors will rate the performance of students who present slides on a scale ranging from -50 to +50, and the average score among three instructors will be recorded for each presenter. Students who do not do slide presentation are given 0. Negative points for slide presentation are theoretically possible if performance is very bad, but all presenting students have received positive points in the past.

4. The above three scores are normalized and added with equal weights for each student.

5. The final score is used to determine letter grades according to the GRIPS grading rule. This means, for example, no more than half students will receive "A" even if all perform well.

Cf. GRIPS rule for letter grades

 - A, B, C, D: pass, E: fail, W: withdrawal

 - For each class, the grade point average (GPA) should be in the range of 3.1-3.5 (A:4, B:3, C:2, D:1, E:0).

 - For each class, distribution should be: A (20-50%), B (30-70%), C (<25%), D (<10%), E (<10%)