GRIPS Development Forum > Diversifying PRSP > Ch.4 Vietnam's PRSP Experience -Strong Ownership and Growth-Orientation
| The phase "flying geese pattern of development" was coined originally by Kaname Akamatsu in 1930s articles in Japanese, and presented to world academia after the World War II in 1961 and 1962 articles in English.
The flying geese (FG) model intends to explain the catching-up process of industrialization of latecomer economies from the following three aspects:
The late Saburo Okita (1914-1993), well-known Japanese economist and a foreign minister in the 1980s, greatly contributed to introducing the FG pattern of development to the wider audiences including the political and business world. Thus, the regional transmission of FG industrialization, driven by the catching-up process through diversification/rationalization of industries, has become famous as an engine of Asian economic growth.
Akamatsu, Kaname (1961): A Theory of Unbalanced Growth in the World Economy. In: Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, Hamburg, no.86, pp.196-217.
Akamatsu, Kaname (1962): A Historical Pattern of Economic Growth in Developing Countries. In: The Developing Economies, Tokyo, Preliminary Issue No.1, pp.3-25.
Kojima, Kiyoshi (2000): The 'flying geese' model of Asian economic development: origin, theoretical extensions, and regional policy implications. In Journal of Asian Economics 11, pp.375-401.
Schroeppel, Christian and Mariko Nakajima (2002): The Changing Interpretation of the Flying Geese Model of Economic Development. final version of July 2, 2002. In forthcoming , German Institute for Japanese Studies: Japanstudien, Vol. 14.
*This note was written by GRIPS Development Forum, based on Kiyoshi Kojima (2000) and Christian Schroeppel and Mariko Nakajima (2002).