International Development Policy
updated Feb. 8, 2018


Course Number
: GEN 3000E  / GEN 8001E
Instructor
Izumi Ohno (email: i-ohno@grips.ac.jp)
Term Winter, Monday 16:40-18:10 and Friday 13:20-14:50
Lecture Room: F


Course Description
This course provides students with an in-depth understanding of international development policy through reading and discussing recent papers and reports, with special attention to global transformation. The course is offered through a mix of lectures and workshops. Students will be exposed to a range of international development topics and contemporary policy debates, including the 2030 agenda for sustainable development (Sustainable Development Goals: SDGs). The East Asian perspectives of aid and development will also be introduced.

International development has undergone significant changes over the last decades with the progress of globalization. The East Asian economies have achieved rapid growth with poverty reduction, while fragile states continue to struggle with the challenges of nation building. Development agenda have become increasingly complex, and new actors such as emerging donors, civil society, and the business community, are now important players in development. Such global transformation presents challenges to the traditional approach to development and aid.

The first few lectures will give an overview of the evolution of international development policy and development cooperation. Workshops include student presentations and discussions. At each class, one or two students will present the main points of pre-assigned policy-related reports or papers and share his/her perspectives, based on the assigned readings. In some lectures, guest speakers with first-hand experience of development cooperation and policymaking may be invited to interact with students.
 

Requirements
Students are expected to have basic knowledge of international development. Prior to class, students are required to read the assigned literature and actively contribute to presentations and discussions. They shall prepare resume or power point slides for presentations.

Grading
Class attendance and participation (40%), presentation of the assigned readings (30%), and short paper on international development (30%). The quality of participation and presentation matters. Late arrival and absence from class will count negatively. Absence without prior notification is not allowed.

 

 Date

Topic

Reference

2/9

Fri

Orientation and overview:
Evolution of international development policy

Lecture1

2/16

Fri

Development cooperation policy of major donors

Lecture2

2/19

Mon

Japanese approach to development cooperation

Lecture3

2/23

Fri

Business as a development actor

Lecture4

2/26

Mon

Special lecture: Japanese development cooperation policy to Africa (H.E. Mr. Masahiko Kiya, Ambassador for TICAD, Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Guest L.

3/2

Fri

Special lecture: The sustainable development goals (SDGs) (Mr. Kenichi Konya, Executive Adviser, GRIPS Alliance)

Guest L.

3/5

Mon

Aid and development: critique of aid

Workshop

3/9

Fri

Fragile states, conflicts and development

Workshop

3/12

Mon

Effective aid, governance and the role of government Workshop
3/16

Fri

Leadership and economic bureaucracy for shared growth Workshop

3/19

Mon

Technology transfer: the case of Japan as an aid recipient

Workshop

3/23

Fri

Emerging donors and their impacts on international development, AIIB, etc.

Workshop

3/26

Mon

Special lecture: Income equalization vs. polarization: Alternative paths for high-growth economies (Prof. Kenichi Ohno, GRIPS)

Guest L.

3/30

Fri

2030 agenda for sustainable development, role of business, etc.

Workshop

4/2

Mon

Wrap up / Paper submission

 

             Note: Topics and dates may be reordered to accommodate guest speakers or for other reasons.
 

Reading assignments
The following literature will be made available on the website. Students are required to read relevant literature, prior to class. (In the case of books, specific chapters will be selected and assigned for readings.)
 

For lectures

1.  Takamasa Akiyama, “Evolution of Ideas on Development,” Ch.2 in International Development Assistance: Evolution and Prospects, FASID, 2003.

2.  Toru Yanagihara, “Development and Dynamic Efficiency: Framework Approach vs. Ingredients Approach,” Ch.4 in Japanese Views on Economic Development: Diverse Paths to the Market, eds. Kenichi and Izumi Ohno, Routledge, 1998.

3.  Izumi Ohno, “Japanese Development Cooperation in a New Era: Recommendations for Network-based Cooperation,” GRIPS Discussion Paper 14-15, Sept. 2014.

4.   Izumi Ohno and Kenichi Ohno, “Dynamic Capacity Development: What Africa Can Learn from Industrial Policy Formulation,” Ch.7 in Good Growth and Governance in Africa: Rethinking Development Strategies, eds. Noman et. al, The Initiative for Policy Dialogue Series, Oxford University Press, 2012.

5. Izumi Ohno and Kenichi Ohno, "Eastern and Western Ideas for African Growth," in The World Financial Review, July/Aug. 2013.

6.  Izumi Ohno, "An Overview: Diversity and Complementarity in Development Aid," Ch.1 and "The Japanese Approach to Growth Support in Developing Countries," Ch.7 in Eastern and Western Ideas for African Growth, eds. Kenichi and Izumi Ohno, Routlege, 2013.

7. Kenichi Ohno, Learning to Industrialize: From Given Growth to Policy-aided Value Creation, Routledge-GRIPS Development Forum Studies, Routledge, 2012. (Ch.1-2)
 

For student workshops
(The below is a tentative list. Professor Ohno will consult with individual students regarding the assigned readings & presentation topics. Students can propose alternative readings, as relevant.)

1.  Dambisa Moyo, Dead Aid: Why Aid is not Working and How There is a better Way for Africa, 2009. Part I(Ch.1-4), Part II (Ch.5 &10)

2.   Paul Collier, The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done About It, Oxford University Press, 2007.

3.   The World Bank, Assessing Aid: What Works, What Doesn't, and Why, A World Bank Policy Research Report, 1998.  (Esp. Overview chapter)

4.  Mark McGillivray, Simon Feeny, Niels Hermes & Robert Lensink, It Works; It Doesn't; It Can, But That Depends...: 50 Years of Controversy over the Macroeconomic Impact of Development Aid, Working Paper Series RP2005/54, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER), 2005.

5.  Dani Rodrik, The Globalization Paradox: Why Global Markets, States, and Democracy Can’t Coexist (esp. Ch.9, Ch.11 & Ch.12), Oxford University Press, 2011

6.   Robert H. Wade, “Rethinking Industrial Policy for Low Income Countries,” African Development Bank, 2009.

7.   Arkebe Oqubay “Ethiopia: Lessons from An Experiment,” Ch.5 in Industrialize Africa: Strategies, Policies, Institutions, and Financing, African Development Bank Group, 2017.

8.   Jose Edgardo Campose and Hilton L. Root, "Leadership and the Economic Bureaucracy" in Ch.6&7 and "Wooing the Business Sector" in Ch.4, The Key to the Asian Miracle: Making Shared Growth Credible, The Brookings Institution, 1996.

9.   Mikiyasu Nakayama and Ryo Fujikura, Technology transfer and technology development in post-World War II Japan triggered by World Bank Projects," Ch.4 in The Rise of Asian Donors, eds. J. Sato and Y. Shimomura, Routledge, 2012.

10. Hiroshi Kato, “Japan’s ODA 1954-2014: Changes and Continuities in a Central Instrument in Japan’s Foreign Policy,” in Ch.1 & Kiyoshi Kodera, "Japan's Engagement with Multilateral Development Banks: Do Their Professional Paths Really Cross?" Ch.2 in Japan’s Development Assistance: Foreign Aid and the Post-2015 Agenda eds. Hiroshi Kato, John Page, and Yasutami Shimomura

11.  Barbara Stallings and Eun Mee Kim, “Japan, Korea, and China: Styles of ODA in East Asia,” Ch.8 in Japan’s Development Assistance: Foreign Aid and the Post-2015 Agenda eds. Hiroshi Kato, John Page, and Yasutami Shimomura.

12.  Romily Greenhil, Annalisa Prizzon and Andrew Rogerson, “The Age of Choice: Developing Countries in the New Aid Landscape” A synthesis report (ODI Working Paper 364January 2013).

13.  David Dollar, “Is China’s Development Finance a Challenge to the International Order,” 2017. Also, “China’s Engagement with Africa: from Natural Resources to Human Resources,” 2016, The Brookings Institution.

14.  United Nations, Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 2015.

15.  Jeffrey D. Sachs, The Age of Sustainable Development (esp. Ch.1, Ch.4 & Ch.14), Columbia University Press, 2015.

16.  C.K. Prahalad, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty through Profits, Wharton School Publishing, 2010. (Introduction & Part II-1)

17. Stephanie Barrientos, Gary Gereffi, and Arianna Rossi, “Economic and Social Upgrading in Global Production Networks: A New Paradigm for a Changing World,” International Labour Review, Vol. 150, 2011, No.3-4.